located in the north-central part of Sri Lanka, preserves the architectural
tradition of the country. History of the town dates back to more than 7000
years. The town is famous for its Rock, Gardens and Sanctuary. Sigiriya
gardens are the amalgamation of symmetrical and asymmetrical elements.
Detailed planning has been done for laying these gardens. One can pass a
wonderful day in the sanctuary of Sigiriya. Many experienced tourists call
Sigiriya the most favourable place in Sri Lanka to visit. The Rock of
Sigiriya is also known as the Lion's Rock. Paintings of bare-breasted women
were done over 1500 years ago.
Sigiriya Rock is the most popular attraction in Sigiriya. Once the Lion
staircase leading to the palace garden on the summit was the most important
part of the Rock. The covered staircase was made of bricks and timber.
However now only two massive paws and brick masonry remains. Ancient
limestone steps seem to have something special about them. The rock face has
two pockets of survived paintings. The paintings are glorious examples of
classical realism of Sri Lanka.
The Water Garden, lying on the
western precinct, has water pavilions, pools, cisterns, courtyards, conduits
and water courses. These possessions are enough to entertain the visitors.
Boulder Garden is a distinct organic or
asymmetrical concept. The garden with natural boulders and winding pathways
is a nice place to visit with your family. The Cistern Rock has a big
cistern made of massive slabs of granite. Another rock has a garden carved
out on it.
This Garden is carved out of a natural
hill. All terraces lie in a concentric circle ringing the rock,
systematically rising above the other.
This garden has lots of terraces and pools
cut in rocks. It was the domestic garden with plenty of terraces and rock
cut pools. The Garden lies at the top of the summit.
Sigiriya Wildlife Sanctuary encircles
the renowned Sigiriya rock. It is close to the Minneriya National park.
Vegetation here is mainly dry evergreen forest, shrub forests, and dry
deciduous forest. Many elephant herds live in this wildlife sanctuary
Sambar, eagle and falcon are other common creatures found in the sanctuary.
Sigiriya has spectacular importance in Sri Lanka. An ancient palace
complex, erected during the reign of King Kasyapa, has been declared by
UNESCO a world heritage site. Sigiriya was basically established in 477AD as
a fortress and palace. However, in the 16th and 17th centuries the place
served as a monastic refuge. Anyone who sees the Sigiriya Rock is left
startled. It is a wonder to imagine how the people associated in the making
of the Rock would have manged to carry the materials needed for its
construction. The Rock juts out 200 metres from the land surrounding it.
How To Reach
International visitors have to reach Capital Colombo via air. Colombo is
183km away from Sigiriya. As for reaching Colombo from various parts of Sri
Lanka, one can avail of extensive rail and road network.
Various type of accommodation is available in Sigiriya. Several high-end
hotels are located along the contours of the sanctuary. Various budget
hotels, guest houses and forest resorts are also located here.