Sinharaja Rain Forest, declared a natural world heritage site and a
Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, is an undisturbed and distinct lowland rain
forest in Sri Lanka. Covering the area of about 11187 hectares, the humid
evergreen forest is located in the southwest zone of the country. Sinharaja
has got the average annual temperature of 23.6%. It receives rainfall from
both the monsoon, in the months of May to July and October to December. The
rain forest has become a popular tourist destination for its eco value, bird
watching, research and for curiosity.
Paradise for Eco Lovers
Sinharaja Forest has always been a paradise for eco lovers. It is the
last remaining portion of the rain forest in the country. Its diversity of
flora and fauna has attracted eco scientists. The forest is a treasure trove
of endemic species, including trees, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals
and insects. Purple-faced Langur is the commonest larger animal found here.
Deer species likesambhur, monk deer and barking deer are also found.
Leopards are rarely sighted. Dense vegetation doesn't suit bigger animals
Endemic Flora and Fauna
Rare endemic birds found in Sinharaja are the Red-faced Malkoha, the Sri
Lanka Blue Magpie, the Ashy-headed Barbbler, and the White - headed Starling
and the Green billed Coucal. Approximate 60% of the trees are endemic, most
of them rare. The forest is known for its endemic population of birds.
Several species of butterflies live in the forest. Logging, game hunting and
gem mining still pose threat to Sinharaja Forest.