Food of Sri Lanka
of Sri Lanka is hot and spicy. Base food of the inhabitants of the island is
rice which they consume with curry both veg and fish based. All the dishes
are cooked on the base of coconut milk and flavored by liberal use of
spices. Like all the people of coastal regions, the Sri Lankans are also
expert in preparing fish dishes. Mallung, Sambol, Lamprais, Buriyani and
Polos Pehi are some popular dishes of Sri Lanka. Sri Lankans also like
several juicy sweetmeats like Kavum, Halape, Thalaguli and Wattalapam. Sri
Lankans also like to have drinks like tea and coffee.
Curry accompanies the dishes of meat, vegetables or fish. Number of spices,
all roasted and then stone-ground come together to prepare these curries.
Coconut milk forms the base of this curry. Fresh herbs and garnishes flavour
these curries. Basic items like chicken, beef, mutton, eggs or vegetables
are cooked in a thick sauce of coconut milk with all the ingredient spices.
There is plenty of variety in fish curries across the region. The Sri
Lankans have their own distinctive style of preparing fish curries. Southern
ambul thiyal or sour fish curry is very famous. Vegetarian curries are
prepared from very available fruit or vegetable like brinjals, beans,
beetroot, carrot, banana flower, pumpkin etc. Curries in Sri Lanka are very
hot. However, adjustments are made to suit the foreign palate. Ingredients
of curries include chilli powder, fresh chillies, cinnamon, tumeric, curry
powder, curry leaves, onions, garlic, ginger and coconut milk.
Rice is the staple food of the Sri Lankans. Almost every household in
Sri Lanka takes rice and curry as its main meal. Rice too comes in plenty of
variety. Samba is a pearly rice consumed on special occasions. On festivals
yellow rice is cooked on the base of coconut milk and delicately flavoured
by spices. Kiribath or milk-rice is a popular festive dish. Large grained
milchard variety of rice gives a slightly pungent smell when cooked.
People of coastal towns consume delicious fresh fish with prawsn, crabs and
lobsters. Fried fish is eaten with chips and salad while fish curry is taken
with rice. Sour fish curry is a popular dish of southern Sri Lanka. Tuna,
seer and para fish are very popular among the natives of Sri Lanka.
Mallung is fondly eaten with curries. Prepared from finely shredded green
vegetables and dried shrimps, it is mingled with grated coconut and spices.
Sambol is a spicy hot dish. Pol Symbol is a simple combination of grated
coconut, onions, red pepper, lime and salt. Seeni Sambol is a juicy
combination of Maldive fish preserve and spicy onion. The Sri Lankans are
fond of eating wafers, pickles and chutneys with their food. Lamprais is a
dish with unique flavour. Plenty of ingredients including curries, cutlets,
sambols, special prawn paste, eggplant curry and rice are kept together in a
banana leaf and baked. Buriyani is rice cooked in meat stock. Polos Pehi is
a dish made of the tender fruit of the jak tree. Several juicy sweetmeats
are also part of the island's cuisine. Kavum is a battercake made of ground
rice and treacle. Halape is a blending of coconut, jaggery and floor.
Thalaguli is a confectionary ball. Many Indian sweetmeats are also found in
Sri Lanka, specially in Colombo and Kandy. Wattalapam is a mouth-watering
dessert. Curd and treacle is also very much liked by the visitors. Scrunchy
sandwiches, delicious biscuits, potato chips and sausages are used as snacks
by the Sri Lankans.
Several varieties of fruits are found in Sri Lanka. One can enjoy fruits
like mangoes, pineapple, water melon, papaya, woodapple, bananas (also known
as plantains), and rambuttan (a fruit resembling lychees). Some of these
fruits are found only in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka is among the topmost producers of tea in the world. Usually, it
is consumed with sugar and milk. Some people are fond of taking 'plain tea'
which means tea only with sugar and without milk. Crushed ginger can add
more flavour to the tea. The Sri Lankans also like to have coffee. Colombo
is a place to enjoy really good espresso. Indigenous cold drinks in Sri
Lanka are made of fresh fruit. Bottled carbonated branded drinks like
Coca-Cola, Sprite, Pepsi etc. are also widely available. Carbonated drink
brands Elephant House and Ginger Beer are very popular in Sri Lanka. People
also like drinking water of young coconut. Cut fresh they are delicious and
nutritious too. An array of locally produced and imported beers are also
available. Two local intoxicating drinks are Toddy and Arrack. Toddy is made
out of palm trees while Arrack is fermented and refined toddy.